EMCDDA Home
  • EN
Search

Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU according to national definitions

Part (i) Total drug-induced deaths, 1995–2011

Country19951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Belgium13213712348113::::7410586:146:::
Bulgaria1911162128412413152640295274384125
Czech Republic(1):::6179808444555762424044495528
Denmark214242256243239247258:::275227211208222204:
Germany1565171215011674181220301835151314771385132612961394144913311237986
Estonia::4722314586369857688167133101123
Ireland:::104115113109127108128171189208215216164:
Greece(2)176222232245265304321259217255343276249211235153119
Spain(3)371381321271258254240204274212237218188139181182:
Spain(4)698690711689761705666667643679665518519540442393:
France465393228143118247272242231267301305333374365392:
Italy119515661160108010021016825520517653653551606517484374362
Cyprus:::::::::149712111298
Latvia:1533242363512141417202419711
Lithuania923343237453533403831627260685145
Luxembourg2217916172618111413819271014126
Hungary:524731423840:323428252527311714
Malta125556785687118654
Netherlands701081081101151311441031041271221129912913994103
Austria(5)170191136109128167139139163185191197175169187170201
Poland175179253235292310294324277231290241214244247261:
Portugal(6):::::::::::::94565219
Romania:::::0123776213233323415
Slovenia::131923192126222536264236282524
Slovakia:::::::::2317201725222016
Finland51107988411913411097101135126138143169175156197
Sweden70122133138157194204203188170186172232241267272239
United Kingdom (ONS)(7)30123118330334643652348036793461316833783305330633523754367735173499
United Kingdom (DSD)(8)13411440155217261946191821652034178818771980203622312569248123342250
Croatia47333634485164525788847211587617359
Turkey::::::::::2651147159153126104
Norway(9)143195185274237360398291255303234251275263285248:
Totals6563744368427161775282558126683063646912736870107435804476456954:
 

Notes:

A longer time series, dating back to 1985 for reporting countries, is available in the Supplementary tables section of this Statistical bulletin.

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in <a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats13/drd/methods">Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions</a>.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See <a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats13/drd/methods">Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions</a>. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) From 2005 onwards the numbers used refer to the reported number of deaths.

(3) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.

(4) Data refer to the whole country.

(5) In the year 2008 the number cases on which no autopsy has been performed tripled (up to 32 cases) and was still 19 in 2009, 17 for 2010 and 24 in 2011 in comparison with previous years. Since this year the number of cases were no autopsy was performed in the official number of drug related deaths is included (201 instead of 177).

(6) Data for 2011 still provisional.

(7) United Kingdom (ONS): Definition used by Office for National Statistics (ONS).

(8) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and Definitions Summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B). Only this figure from the United Kingdom (and not the ONS figures) are included in the ‘Totals’ for the EU.

(9) Until 2002 the national definition did not include ‘intentional poisoning’ (ICD codes:X61,X62). From 2003 Selection B has become the national definition.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the <a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats13/help">Explanatory notes and help page</a>.

Sources:

<a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/national-reports">Reitox national reports 2012</a>, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in <a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats13/drd/methods">Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions</a>.

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

Contact us

EMCDDA
Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré
1249-289 Lisbon
Portugal
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00
Fax (351) 218 13 17 11

More contact options >>

Page last updated: Tuesday, 21 May 2013