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Table DRD-1. Summary of characteristics of the deceased in drug-induced deaths according to national definitions

Part (iii) Demographic characteristics and toxicology, 1990 or earliest year with available information

CountryYearNo of DRD% Male% FemaleMean age% aged under 15 (1)% aged under 25 (2)% aged 35+ (3)% aged 65+% known toxicology% opiate% without opiates
Belgium199050762434.4030241456937
Bulgaria199024831743.204.279.212.5:::
Czech Republic(4)20018483.316.729.9046.423.81.210063.136.9
Denmark::::::::::::
Germany(1)199014918218:02741::::
Estonia19974752528.3025250000
Ireland199810483.716.329.91.939.431.7092.393.86.2
Greece(2)19906689.410.6::345.5:1001000
Spain(5)199976187.312.7:011.933.61.2:::
France200024877.422.637.1013.749.29.3:::
Italy19901161901027.2028.712034.696.83.2
Cyprus20041492.97.128.6028.614.309385.714.3
Latvia1996110003200001001000
Lithuania19959782234.70055.50:::
Luxembourg19901181.818.227.2018.29.10:8218
Hungary1996526337:03059.6::982
Malta19913100024066.7001001000
Netherlands1996108772331.805.543.53.7:86.213.8
Austria199043861427.9034.914095937
Poland199725365.234.8:1.220.951.411.1:::
Portugal20089492.47.63604.854.2010085.114.9
Romania20011283.316.7:05033.301001000
Slovenia199720752530.7035250:::
Slovakia20042382.617.426.5047.84.34.310056.543.5
Finland1990418515:017.16101009010
Sweden199062891134012.943.50:::
United Kingdom (DSD)(6)1994120974.125.9370.426.740.98.9:::
Croatia19983494.15.928038.220.6085.779.220.8
Turkey20052696.23.834.903.842.301001000
Norway1990707426:016170:::
 

Notes:

The information refers to 1990 or the closest year for which information on the deceased's characteristics was available.

Toxicology is computed as valid percentages, over the cases with known toxicology. The computation basis for toxicology should be obtained by (No of DRD) x (% known toxicology).

(1) For Germany, the data refer to age under 14.

(2) For Greece, the data refer to age up to 20.

(3) For Germany, the data refer to age 30+. For Greece, the data refer to 31+.

(4) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(5) For Spain, the data is based on six cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Zaragoza and Bilbao).

(6) United Kingdom: (DSD) based on definition developed for the drug strategy. See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013