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Table DRD-1. Summary of characteristics of the deceased in drug-induced deaths according to national definitions

Part (i) Demographic characteristics, 2011 or last year with available information

CountryYearType of definitionNo of DRD% Male% FemaleMean age% aged under 15% aged under 25% aged 35+% aged 65+
Belgium2008Selection B14687.013.038.30.011.657.52.7
Bulgaria2011:2588.012.031.50.020.020.04.0
Czech Republic(1)2011Selection D2882.117.934.60.017.950.00.0
Denmark2010Selection B20477.522.544.70.06.276.97.2
Germany2011:98684.914.637.00.06.756.00.6
Estonia2011Selection B12387.812.230.10.013.016.30.0
Ireland2010Selection D16480.519.534.10.020.442.61.9
Greece(2)2011Selection D119:::::::
Spain(3)2010:39384.016.039.00.35.172.50.0
France2010Selection B39276.823.244.00.08.462.215.6
Italy2011Selection D36286.713.336.90.011.059.70.0
Cyprus2011Selection D8100.00.031.40.012.525.00.0
Latvia2011Selection B1181.818.230.00.018.227.30.0
Lithuania2011Aprox. Selection B4582.217.833.40.015.631.14.4
Luxembourg2011:650.050.031.50.016.733.30.0
Hungary2011Selection D1492.97.132.10.028.642.90.0
Malta2011Selection B4100.00.035.00.025.050.00.0
Netherlands2011Selection B10372.827.242.00.05.870.91.9
Austria(4)2011Selection D20178.121.932.00.030.334.80.0
Poland2010:26161.338.741.20.014.955.211.1
Portugal(5)2011Selection D1984.215.838.00.05.368.40.0
Romania2011Selection D1580.020.030.40.020.040.00.0
Slovenia2011Selection B2479.220.832.80.012.533.30.0
Slovakia2011Selection D1687.512.538.20.00.050.06.3
Finland2011Selection B19779.220.836.40.016.247.24.1
Sweden2011Selection B23969.031.041.80.014.258.69.2
United Kingdom (DSD)2011Aprox. Selection B225073.926.140.80.08.364.94.3
Croatia2011Selection B5976.323.735.80.05.150.80.0
Turkey2011Selection D10495.24.835.90.023.344.79.7
Norway2010Selection B24873.027.040.40.010.161.34.0
 

Notes:

The information refers to the last year for which information on the deceased's characteristics was available.

Number of deaths per country per year are presented in Table DRD-2 part (i).

Type of definition refers to the EMCDDA standard definition; if the national definition matches with the agreed case definition established in the EMCDDA DRD Protocol: Selection B for general mortality registries and Selection D for Special Registries. In some countries equivalence is not total but it is, in practice, relatively similar (see Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions).

Figures for EMCDDA standard definitions (Selection B and Selection D) for all countries with available information, see Table DRD-3 and Table DRD-4, and Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases (162 cases out of 190).

(2) Data still provisional. Data refers to cases under 20 years old, under 30 years and aged more than 31. From 2005 onwards the numbers used refer to the reported number of deaths.

(3) From 2008 onwards, the data coverage is national. In previous years, the information was based on six cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Zaragoza and Bilbao).

(4) The number of DRD can not be compared with the previous years as the number of cases where no autopsy was performed had tripled in 2008 up to 32 cases and was 24 in 2011. Since this year the number of cases were no autopsy was performed in the official number of drug related deaths is included (201 instead of 177).

See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

(5) Data still provisional.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national mortality registries or Special Registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013