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Methods of estimation are abbreviated: CR=Capture-recapture; TM =Treatment multiplier; PM = Police multiplier; MI = Multivariate indicator; TP= Truncated Poisson; CM = Combined methods; MM= Mortality multiplier; OT= Other methods.

In the case of Germany the interval represents the highest and lowest bounds of all existing estimates, and the point estimate a simple average of all data points.

In the case of Finland, the original age range of the study is 15 to 54 years old, in the case of Malta, the age range of the study was 12 to 64 years old, in the case of Poland the original age range of the study was all ages. All rates were ajusted for ages 15 to 64.

Target groups may vary slightly between countries owing to different methods and data sources; therefore comparisons should be made with caution.

The symbol indicates a point estimate, a bar indicates an uncertainty interval, which can be either a 95 % confidence interval or an interval based on sensitivity analysis.

Related links:

Statistical bulletin 2009: Figure PDU-1 part (ii)

For more details see Tables PDU-1 and PDU-102 in the Statistical bulletin 2010.

See also EMCDDA project (2003): National prevalence estimates of problem drug use in the European Union, 1995–2000, CT.00.RTX.23, EMCDDA, Lisbon, coordinated by the Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich.

See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page


Reitox national focal points

2009 REITOX National Reports - Fonte PDU template

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Tuesday, 04 January 2011