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Table HSR-4. Year of introduction of needle and syringe programmes and types of programmes available in 2006

CountryYear first NSPSourceYear first publicly fundedSourceFixed sitesVan/busOutreach/ peerVending machinePrison-based NSPPharmacy-based NSPs
Belgium (Flemish community)2001320013YesNoYesNoNoYes
Belgium (French community)1994320003YesNoYesNoNoYes
Bulgaria1995319993YesYesYesNoNoNo
Czech Republic1986819918YesYesYesNoNoNo
Denmark1986319863YesNoYesYesNoYes
Germany1984419921YesYesYesYesYesNo
Estonia1997320013YesYesYesNoNoNo
Ireland1989219893YesYesYesNoNoNo
Greece1998319983YesYesYesNoNoNo
Spain1985319853YesYesYesNoYesYes
France(1)1989319953YesYesYesYesNoYes
Italy1990319903YesYesYesYesNoNo
Cyprus20071YesNoNoNoNONo
Latvia1997319973YesYesYesNoNoNo
Lithuania1997319977YesYesYesNoNoNo
Luxembourg1993319933YesNoNoYesYesNo
Hungary1994320003YesYesYesYesNoNo
Malta1987319875YesNoNoNoNoNo
Netherlands1984619863YesNoYesYesNoYes
Austria1990319903YesYesYesYesNoNo
Poland1989319893YesNoYesNoNoNo
Portugal1993319933NoYesYesNoNoYes
Romania2000120001YesYesYesNoNoNo
Slovenia1992319963YesYesYesYesNoYes
Slovakia1994319943YesNoYesNoNoNo
Finland1997319973YesYesYesNoNoNo
Sweden1986319863YesNoNoNoNoNo
United Kingdom (England)1986319873YesYesYesNoNoYes
United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)2001120011NoNoNoNoNoYes
United Kingdom (Scotland)1987119871YesYesYesNoNoYes
United Kingdom (Wales)1986319873YesYesYesNoNoYes
Croatia19961YesYesYesNoNoNo
Turkey(2)
Norway1988319883YesNoYesYesNoNo

Notes:

 NSP: needle and syringe programme. 

 (1) For France, Circulaire DGS, 5 May 1992 allowed a pilot study of NSPs, but full implementation only after 1995. 

 (2) There are currently no NSPs in Turkey. 

 See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page

Sources:

 (1) Reitox national reports 2007 

 (2) Standard tables on 'Syringe availability' (ST 10), submitted by NFPs in 2004 and 2006. 

 (3) Structured questionnaire 23 'Prevention of infectious diseases', submitted by NFPs in 2004. 

 (8) Personal communication, B. Korcisova, 9.3.2005. 

 (4) Personal communication, H. Stöver, 31.1.2005. 

 (5) Personal communication, M. Camilleri, 14.2.2005. 

 (6) Coutinho, R. (1995), American Journal of Public Health 85, 1490-1. 

 (7) Personal communication E. Subata, 28.2.2005. 

 Sources for types of programmes: Standard tables on 'Syringe availability' (ST 10), submitted by NFPs in 2004 and 2006. 

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Tuesday, 24 February 2009