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Table DRD-1. Summary of characteristics of the deceased in drug-related deaths according to national definitions [see all tables in this series...]

Part (iii) 1990 or closest year with available information

CountryYearNo. of DRD% Male% FemaleMean age% aged under 15 (1)% aged under 25 (2)% aged 35+ (3)% aged 65+% known toxicology% opiate% without opiates
Belgium199050762434.4030241456.093.07.0
Bulgaria199024831743.204.779.212.5
Czech Republic(4)20018483.316.729.9046.423.81.2100.063.136.9
Denmark1996268831709500
Germany19901491821802741
Estonia19974752528.30252500.00.00.0
Ireland19907861421.6071.400100.0100.00.0
Greece19906689.410.6345.5100.0100.00.0
Spain1990444851527.5027.79065.162.237.8
France19981438713017220100.076.024.0
Italy19901161901027.2028.712034.696.83.2
Cyprus20041492.97.128.60.028.614.30.093.085.714.3
Latvia19961100032.00000100.0100.00.0
Lithuania19959782234.70055.50
Luxembourg199217821828.2035.311.7082.079.021.0
Hungary199652633703059.698.02.0
Malta19913100024.0066.700100.0100.00.0
The Netherlands1996108772331.805.543.53.786.213.8
Austria199043861427.9034.914095.093.07.0
Poland199725365.234.81.220.951.411.1
Portugal1998337881231.1011.349100.095.54.5
Romania20023100022.0010000100.0100.00.0
Slovenia19901100057.90010000.0100.0
Slovakia20042382.617.426.50.047.84.34.3100.056.543.5
Finland1990418515217610100.090.010.0
Sweden199062891134.0012.943.50
United Kingdom (ONS)(6)19902356564444.4116.761.719.6
United Kingdom (DSD)(6)19941253752535.80.426.9408.4
Norway1990707426016170

Notes:

 The information refers to 1990 or the closest year for which information on the deceased's characteristics was available.       

 Toxicology is computed as valid percentages, over the cases with known toxicology. The computation basis for toxicology should be obtained by (No. of DRD) x (% known toxicology).        

 (1) For Germany, the data refer to age under 14.       

 (2) For Greece, the data refer to age up to 20.       

 (3) For Germany, the data refer to age 30+. For Greece the data refer to 31+.       

 (4) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases (156 cases out of 218).       

 (5) For Spain, the data is based on 5 cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla and Bilbao).       

 (6) United Kingdom: (ONS) based on standard definition of Office for National Statistics; (DSD) based on definition developed for the Drug Strategy. See Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions .        

 See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.       

Sources:

 Reitox national reports 2006, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on 'National definitions' as presented in Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions .        

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Page last updated: Thursday, 08 November 2007