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Driving Under the Influence of Drugs, Alcohol and Medicines in Europe — findings from the DRUID project

EMCDDA, Lisbon, December 2012

Publication type:

Thematic papers


This Thematic paper presents the key findings of the European Union’s research project on Driving Under the Influence of Drugs, Alcohol and Medicines, known as the DRUID project. The project looked at experimental studies, epidemiological studies, enforcement, classification of medicines, driver rehabilitation, withdrawal of driving licence, and dissemination and guidelines. Over 5 years of work across 18 countries, the project has produced some 50 reports, each one contributing key evidence to road safety policy. The thematic paper therefore aims to summarise the findings of one of the biggest research projects ever carried out in the EU on drugs and driving

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English (en)

Table of contents

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Part A: Understanding the problem
  • Part B: Examining the possible responses
  • Recommendations of the project
  • Annex 1: Overview of the estimated European prevalence of psychoactive substances in drivers
  • Annex 2: Core substance list and equivalent analytical cut-off values
  • Annex 3: List of DRUID deliverables






ISSN 1725-5767

Catalogue number:


About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 14 December 2012