Recent changes in Europe’s MDMA/ecstasy market

Series type: Rapid communication

Summary

This report explores the recent resurgence in use of MDMA in Europe and increased availability of high-strength MDMA tablets, crystals and powders. It notes that the picture is not uniform across European countries, and while overall the region’s MDMA market is now in a period of consolidation, there are some temporal ripple effects as latecomer countries catch up.

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Table of contents

  • Study rationale and methods
  • A short history of MDMA/ecstasy
  • A range of MDMA products
  • MDMA markets — production and supply
  • MDMA use and cultural context
  • MDMA harms and deaths
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Keywords: 

markets MDMA/ecstasy

MDMA publication thumbnail
Pages: 
20
Price: 
Free
ISBN: 
978-92-9168-911-8
Pub. DOI: 
10.2810/817237
Catalog Number: 
TD-01-16-348-EN-N

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