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Steb 2b: Resources

Evidence base of prevention

  • Preventing substance use problems among youth: A literature review and recommendations (ARF research document No 142, 1998). This paper reviews the evaluative literature on programmes and other interventions designed to prevent substance-use problems among youth.
  • Bases científicas de la prevención de las drogodependencias. El presente manual aborda las cuestiones que fundamentan la prevención de las drogodependencias; esto es, las bases científicas que justifican la intervención preventiva y los conocimientos elementales y avanzados en que se asienta su praxis y su quehacer cotidiano.
  • Prevention of psychoactive substance use (WHO, 2002). A selected review of what works in the area of prevention. The review set out to determine what evidence exists for the efficacy of preventive interventions in five circumscribed areas; regulation of physical and economic availability of alcohol, regulation of physical and economic availability of illicit psychoactive substances, the use of the mass media, community-based initiatives and the use of school-based education.
  • Drug use prevention among young people: a review of reviews. Evidence briefing. Review of reviews about the effectiveness of public health interventions to prevent and/or reduce illicit drug use among young people.
  • Expertise zur Prävention des Substanzmissbrauchs (IFT/BZGA, 2005). Wissenschaftliche Bestandsaufnahme zur Suchtprävention und Fortführung der „Expertise Primärprävention des Substanzmissbrauchs“ von 1993. Beurteilung der Wirksamkeit von Maßnahmen zur Prävention des Substanzmissbrauchs anhand von qualitativ hochwertigen Übersichtsarbeiten wie Reviews und Meta-Analysen. Durchgeführt September 2003 bis November 2005.
  • Drug prevention among vulnerable young people (NCCDP, 2005). This briefing focuses on recent (2002–04) government sponsored research on drug prevention among vulnerable groups of young people, and considers how this relates to current government policy and guidance. This forms part of a complete review of all recent evidence derived from government sponsored drug prevention work.
  • Universal Drug Prevention (National Collaborating Centre for Drug Prevention, 2006). The aim of the report is to synthesise findings from government sponsored research that has evaluated universal drug prevention programmes. This is placed in the context of current drug prevention policy and the wider academic literature in order to provide evidence-based recommendations and to highlight gaps in the research that require attention. This report is of particular importance to a wide range of practitioners and planners working across young people's services (including schools, youth services and other community-based services), and to policy makers who wish to pursue evidence based approaches. The report is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all research evidence for universal prevention.
  • Review of grey literature on drug prevention among young people. The aim of this review is to complement the evidence base built by mainstream literature (eg Canning et al. 2004; Dusenbury et al. 1997; Tobler and Stratton 1997) for drug prevention among young people by systematically reviewing those drug prevention materials that do not traditionally find their way into systematic reviews, namely grey literature. These materials were mostly published in the UK, although high-quality international studies were also considered if relevant.
  • The prevention of substance use, risk and harm in Australia. A review of evidence (Commonwealth of Australia, 2004). The Monograph encompasses the full spectrum of prevention intervention measures; evaluated Australian approaches to the prevention of drug supply, use, and harm; approaches to prevent or delay the uptake of licit and illicit drugs by children and young people; current application of prevention policy and strategy in Australia; and gaps in prevention knowledge and effort.

Environmental strategies

  • Tobacco or health in the European Union. This report represents the first attempt to draw together in one comprehensive book an analysis of tobacco-control policy (past, present and future) in the European Union. The report presents the extent of the public health and economic cost of smoking and tobacco to European society. It provides a review of the effectiveness of previous tobacco policies and an analysis of the extent to which the tobacco industry has sought to undermine and influence political decision making at all levels.
  • The effectiveness of alcohol policy. Alcohol policies can be grouped within five headings: (i) policies that reduce drinking and driving; (ii) policies that support education, communication, training and public awareness; (iii) policies that regulate the alcohol market; (iv) policies that support the reduction of harm in drinking and surrounding environments; and (v) policies that support interventions for individuals. Since the 1970s, considerable progress has been made in the scientific understanding of the relationship between alcohol policies, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm.
  • Environmental strategies — an introduction and overview. Throughout the last several decades, public health efforts have incorporated an increasing number of environmental strategies, and a body of research has accumulated showing that these strategies can be effective in reducing problems associated with alcohol and tobacco. A variety of strategies targeting the context of illegal drug use have also been developed and seem promising; however, there is relatively less research on their effectiveness.

EDDRA examples

Double Impact: youth prevention
VDAB (Flemish Sevice for Employment and Vocational Training) Training and Education.
Belgium

Double Impact recruits young people at risk who are looking for employment, and trains them in order to offer them employment as youth prevention workers in their local areas. Youth prevention workers provide low threshold support on such matters as training and employment. A ‘double impact’ is realised because high-risk young people gain employment, while at the same time, through these young people, other high-risk young people can be targeted.

ARF research document No. 142 - Canada - 1998
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Manual - PND - ES - 2002
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Review - WHO - 2002
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2006 Update of the Review of Reviews
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Review - HDA - UK - 2004
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2006 Evidence into Practice Briefing
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BZGA/IFT Expertise
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Drug Prevention among vulnerable young people, NCCDP, 2005
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Universal Drug Prevention - National Collaborating Centre for Drug Prevention, UK, 2006
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Review of grey literature on drug prevention among young people
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Monograph - Commonwealth of Australia - 2004
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Tobacco or Health in the European Union
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The effectiveness of Alcohol Policy
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Environmental strategies - An Introduction and Overview
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Page last updated: Thursday, 22 July 2010