1. As the cannabis market is the largest drug market and the involvement of organised crime in cannabis production and trade poses a significant threat, it is important that it remains a priority for action within the EU.
2. It is important to continue to target and strengthen interdiction efforts in key geographical areas for cannabis production and trafficking, which include, but are not limited to, the Iberian Peninsula, the Netherlands and Belgium.
3. The sharing of good practices, technical innovations and effective policing strategies for combating domestic cannabis production needs to be strengthened and extended.
4. There is a need to engage with local communities to develop proactive responses to reduce the negative impact on areas affected by cannabis production, street markets and related criminality. Strategies to prevent vulnerable young people from becoming involved with the cannabis market should be developed.
5. Improvements in the monitoring of potency and different forms of cannabis available on the European market, including new products and technologies, are needed to understand and communicate their implications for public health in Europe. This
is particularly important in the light of licit cannabis product developments in the Americas.
6. Prevention, treatment and harm reduction interventions need to address contemporary developments in the cannabis market including potency and product innovations.
7. Monitoring cannabis production in the EU should be further improved by making more use of existing tools, such as European Reporting on Illicit Cannabis Production (ERICP) sites, to build our understanding of scope, methods and trends at both national and European levels to enhance operational responses.
8. Engage with international partners to address the social, environmental and economic problems underlying cannabis production in the Moroccan Rif — a region close to Europe that poses risks in terms of OCGs’ activities, illegal immigration and possible links to terrorism.
9. As large consignments of Moroccan cannabis resin are trafficked towards the eastern Mediterranean, there is a need to build on existing EU measures and increase engagement with non-EU partners of the eastern Mediterranean (North Africa and the Middle East) to develop a greater strategic understanding of flows, new routes and financial links, especially to terrorist organisations, human trafficking and the trafficking of other drugs.
10. There is a need for active monitoring to identify potential threats related to production and trafficking activities in some areas, such as Afghanistan and Albania.