Annex (EU Drug Markets Report)

Annex

TABLE A.1: Principal EU legislation linked to drug supply reduction

Drug precursors

  • Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 on drug precursors
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 of 22 December 2004 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/1011 of 24 April 2015 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on drug precursors
  • Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1013 of 25 June 2015 laying down rules in respect of Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on drug precursors and of Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Union and third countries in drug precursors

Risk assessment and control of new psychoactive substances

  • Council Decision 2005/387/JHA of 10 May 2005 on the information exchange, risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances
  • Council Implementing Decision of 25 September 2014 on subjecting 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2- methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine (25I-NBOMe), 3,4-dichloro-N-[[1-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]methyl] benzamide (AH-7921), 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 2-(3-methoxyphenyl)–2- (ethylamino)cyclohexanone (methoxetamine) to control measures (1)

Forensic analysis and criminal investigation

  • Council Decision of 28 May 2001 on the transmission of samples of controlled substances (2001/419/ JHA)
  • Council Recommendation of 30 March 2004 regarding guidelines for taking samples of seized drugs (2004/C 86/04)

Information exchange

  • Council Framework Decision 2006/960/JHA of 18 December 2006 on simplifying the exchange of information and intelligence between law enforcement authorities of the Member States of the European Union (‘the Swedish initiative’)
  • Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime (‘Prüm Decision’)

Judicial and police cooperation in criminal matters

  • Council Act of 29 May 2000 establishing in accordance with Article 34 of the Treaty on European Union the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union (2000/C 197/01)
  • Council Framework Decision of 13 June 2002 on joint investigation teams (2002/465/JHA)
  • Council Framework Decision of 13 June 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States (2002/584/JHA)
  • Council Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA of 25 October 2004 laying down minimum provisions on the constituent elements of criminal acts and penalties in the field of illicit drug trafficking
  • Council Framework Decision 2008/841/JHA of 24 October 2008 on the fight against organised crime
  • Council Framework Decision 2008/978/JHA of 18 December 2008 on the European evidence warrant for the purpose of obtaining objects, documents and data for use in proceedings in criminal matters

TABLE A.2: Financial instruments supporting drug supply reduction

EU internal action

  • The Internal Security Fund (ISF)
    • ISF Borders and Visa
    • ISF Police
  • The Justice Programme
  • The EU Health Programme
  • Horizon 2020

EU external action

  • Instrument contributing to Peace and Stability (IcPS)
  • Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II)
  • European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)
    • European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)
    • TAIEX (Technical Assistance and Information Exchange)
  • Development and Cooperation Instrument (DCI)
  • European Development Fund (EDF)
  • European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)

TABLE A.3. EU and international supply reduction interventions — matrix of examples

Intervention type Target
Drug markets Facilitation of supply  Conditions enabling supply
Coordination
  • EMPACT Working Groups and OAPs on heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs
  • Europol National Units (ENUs): coordination of national contacts and operations
  • MAOC-N and CeCLAD-M EU/international coordination of maritime anti-smuggling operations
  • Southeast European Law Enforcement Center (SELEC) Regional Centre for EU/ international coordination of law enforcement (LE) anti-drugs operations in the Balkan Region
  • BSTF for EU/international regional coordination of LE anti-drugs operations in the Baltic Sea Region
  • CARICC regional coordination of LE anti-drugs operations in the Central Asian Region
  • Joint Investigation Teams (JITs) 
  • INCB projects ‘Prism’ and ‘Cohesion’ and ‘ION’: targeting precursors
  • Prevention of the diversion of drugs precursors in the Latin American and Caribbean region (PRELAC)
  • Camden Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network (CARIN) 
  • The Network of the Immigration Liaison Officers
  • West African Police Information System (WAPIS) 
Capacity building
  • Cocaine Routes Programme Airport Communication Programme (AIRCOP), the Seaport Cooperation Programme (SEACOP)
  • Heroin Routes Programme
  • Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA) n Central Asia Drug Action Programme (CADAP)
  • Container Control Programme n Global SMART programme
  • The Paris Pact
  • Europol training on dismantling
  • illicit synthetic drug laboratories
  • Heroin route I — fight against trafficking from and to Afghanistan 
  • Heroin route II — container control along the heroin route 
  • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF)
  • Supporting Anti- Money Laundering and Financial Crime Initiatives in Latin America (GAFILAT-EU)
  • CEPOL training courses
  • Supporting Anti- Money Laundering and Financial Crime Initiatives in West Africa (AML-WA)
  • Stolen asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) 
  • EU-funded Alternative Development and Sustainable Development support
  • n Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) on exports to EU 
  • World Bank programmes under Governance and Anti-corruption Strategy 
Intelligence gathering and exchange
  • Europol Focal Points with contribution of LE intelligence from EU Member States and international operational partners
  • SIENA network secure communication of intelligence between EU Member States and international operational partners
  • MAOC–N and CeCLAD-M intelligence gathering on maritime anti-smuggling operations
  • INTERPOL’s I-24/7 secure police communication system
  • Heroin route II — information networks along the heroin route 
  • The Egmont Group of Financial Investigation Units 
  • Europol Platform for Gang Experts (EPGE) (virtual Community)
  • Network of Immigration Liaison Officers
  • Strengthening cooperation of law enforcement, judicial and prosecuting authorities inLatin America and the Caribbean (AMERIPOL-EU) 
Short title: 
Annex
Footnotes: 

(1) Similar legislation exists for a number of other substances.