• EN

Published: 15 November 2011

Figure 6: Trends in last month prevalence of cannabis use and cigarettes smoking among 15- to 16-year-old school students in 17 European countries and the United States

Annual report figure


The European average (unweighted) is based on 15- to 16-year-old school students in 15 EU countries together with Croatia and Norway. US school student average is based on sample of about 16 000 10th grade students (age 15-16).


Hibell, B., Guttormsson, U., Ahlström, S., Balakireva, O., Bjarnason, T. et al. (2009), The ESPAD report 2007: alcohol and other drug use among students in 35 European countries, Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm.
Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G. and Schulenberg, J.E. (2010), Marijuana use is rising; ecstasy use is beginning to rise; and alcohol use is declining among U.S. teens, University of Michigan News Service, Ann Arbor, MI (available online).

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

Contact us

Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré
1249-289 Lisbon
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00

More contact options >>

Page last updated: Friday, 28 October 2011