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Published: 15 November 2011

At a glance — estimates of drug use in Europe

The estimates presented here relate to the adult population (15–64 years old) and are based on the most recent data available (surveys conducted between 2001 and 2009/10, mainly 2004–08). For the complete set of data and information on the methodology see the accompanying statistical bulletin.

Cannabis

Lifetime prevalence: about 78 million (23.2 % of European adults)

Last year use: about 22.5 million European adults (6.7 %) or one in three lifetime users

Last month use: about 12 million (3.6 %)

Country variation in last year use: overall range 0.4 % to 14.3 %

Cocaine

Lifetime prevalence: about 14.5 million (4.3 % of European adults)

Last year use: about 4 million European adults (1.2 %) or one in three lifetime users

Last month use: about 1.5 million (0.5 %)

Country variation in last year use: overall range 0.0 % to 2.7 %

Ecstasy

Lifetime prevalence: about 11 million (3.2 % of European adults)

Last year use: about 2.5 million (0.7 %) or a fifth of lifetime users

Country variation in last year use: overall range 0.1 % to 1.6 %

Amphetamines

Lifetime prevalence: about 12.5 million (3.8 % of European adults)

Last year use: 1.5–2 million (0.5 %) or up to a sixth of lifetime users

Country variation in last year use: overall range 0.0 % to 1.1 %

Opioids

Problem opioid users: estimated at between 1.3 and 1.4 million Europeans

About 700 000 opioid users received substitution treatment in 2009

Principal drug in more than 50 % of all drug treatment requests

Drug‑induced deaths: about 7 600, with opioids being found in around three quarters

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 28 October 2011