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Please note that the information on this page is based on the EMCDDA Annual report 2010: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Most statistical data relate to the year 2008 (or the last year available).

Annual report 2010: the state of the drugs problem in Europe
Opioid use and drug injection

Published: 10 November 2010


Heroin use, particularly injecting the drug, has been closely associated with public health and social problems in Europe since the 1970s. Today, this drug still accounts for the greatest share of morbidity and mortality related to drug use in the European Union. A decline in heroin use and associated problems has been observed during the late 1990s and the early years of the present century, though more recent data suggest that, in some countries, the trend may have changed direction. In addition, reports of the use of synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, and the injection of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine or amphetamines, reflect the increasingly multi-faceted nature of problem drug use in Europe.

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 15 October 2010