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Severity of Dependence Scale

Author/Developer / Address:

Gossop M, Darke S, Griffiths P, Hando J., Powis B., Hall W, Strang J (1995). The Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS): psychometric properties of the SDS in English and Australian samples of heroin, cocaine and amphetamine users. Addiction, 90(5):607-14.

For questions regardingthe Lithuanian version of this instrument please contact Emilis Subata

For questions regardingtheCzech version of this instrument please contact Alena Trojackova

Description / Type of Assessment:

The Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) is a 5-item questionnaire that provides a score indicating the severity of dependence on opioids.

Domains measured / Life Areas / Problems Assessed:

Each of the five items is scored on a 4-point scale (0-3). The total score is obtained through the addition of the 5-item ratings. The higher the score the higher the level of dependence

Administration / Completion Time:

The SDS takes less than a minute to complete.


English, Czechand Lithuanian


Page last updated: Wednesday, 23 May 2007