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Substitution Treatment Unit A of Athens

Quality level: 1

Summary

The programme is designed for those IV heroin users whose needs were so far unmet by other programmes. The programme's objectives are defined as follows: abstinence, harm reduction, high quality medical and psychosocial services, and rehabilitation. Methadone substitution is only one of the interventions in an intergraded programme, which also includes medical, psychiatric, psychosocial, and social support.

Type of intervention:
treatment
Sub-area:
drug free treatment,pharmacologically assisted treatment
Setting:
Type of approach:
Target group:
adults
Age group:
Annual coverage:
Substances addressed:
cannabis, opiates, cocaine and derivatives, inhalants/solvents
Evaluation type:
outcome evaluation
Country:
Greece
Start date:
01/01/1996
End date:

Overall objective

Direct goal in the beginning of substitution treatment is harm reduction, including reduction of drug-related death risk, reduction of the deviant and criminal behaviour, abstinence from IV drug use with the result of physical health improvement, increase of social skills. Long-term goal is the total abstinence from all drugs and social rehabilitation. (2 years of substitution treatment and a year at the social rehabilitation phase, while being abstinent ).

Abstract

Methadone substitution treatment was introduced for the first time in Greece in 1993 through a new legislation (Law number 2161, July 16, 1993). The Greek Organization Against Drugs (OKANA) decided to implement in 1996 a methadone substitution programme after studying the vast literature and methadone programmes abroad. The available treatment modalities until then were residential therapeutic communities. The programme is designed for those IV heroin users whose needs were so far unmet by the available programmes. The programme's objectives are defined as follows: abstinence, harm reduction, high quality medical and psychosocial services, rehabilitation. Methadone substitution is only one of the interventions in an intergraded programme which also includes medical, psychiatric, psychosocial, and social support. An extensive evaluation of the data is being carried out by an external group of experts. A very significant improvement was observed in most areas of the users' behaviour.

The PDF contains the full intervention description including additional contact information.

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Page last updated: Friday, 20 January 2012