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Primary Prevention Programme In Military Units

Quality level: 1


A drug prevention programme specifically targeting military personnel.

Type of intervention:
Type of approach:
Target group:
Age group:
Annual coverage:
Substances addressed:
tobacco, cannabis, opiates, alcohol, ecstasy, cocaine and derivatives, amphetamines, methamphetamines, inhalants/solvents
Evaluation type:
outcome evaluation, process evaluation
Start date:
End date:

Overall objective

To sensitise the military officers in order to undertake actions and to create nuclei of drug prevention and health promotion in the army . The expected change is to motivate officers to support preventive actions in the military units, which will have a protective function for the soldiers and they will contribute to the drug demand reduction.


During September 1999-September 2000, the Prevention Centre "PYXIDA" in collaboration with the XXII Brigade and after having the General Staff's approval implemented a pilot primary prevention programme in military units. According to the basic rationale of prevention programmes in the army, interventions in this field aim to reinforce the protective factors in the military setting (i.e., group work, rich activities during the day, limits in soldiers' behaviour) and to weaken the risk factors, such as the cut-off of emotional relationships, the huge change in the living conditions and the substance use as a means of opposing to authority. The drug prevention activities in the army had been included in the 3-year Action Plan of the Prevention Centre and the planning of the specific programme was based on detecting high-risk groups and on data concerning the particular characteristics of the community that the Centre is responsible for. Taken that the final target population is the soldiers, the non-com officers were selected as the strategic target group of the programme, due to the fact that they are closer to the soldiers and they have everyday contact with them. These factors were considered to facilitate communication in the context of a prevention programme in the army. The objectives of the pilot programme were the following: a) to establish trustful relationships with the officers, b) to sensitise both senior and non-com officers as well as members of the military health services on the basis of their training needs, c) to implement a pilot programme by applying an experiential approach. The programme included day-seminars for the senior officers, training groups for the non-com officers and the members of the military health services and a particular day-seminar where the programme's evaluation results were presented. The experiential approach was applied in all interventions. In particular, the training groups were based on drama and role-playing techniques.

The PDF contains the full intervention description including additional contact information.


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Page last updated: Friday, 20 January 2012