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Early Intervention Of First Time Noticed Drug Users: FreD

Quality level: 2


The programme targets first-time offenders up to the age of 25 who have been arrested due to the consumption of illegal drugs. They are referred to a course which motivates them to change their drug use.

Type of intervention:
Type of approach:
Target group:
children/young people
Age group:
Annual coverage:
Substances addressed:
tobacco, cannabis, alcohol, ecstasy
Evaluation type:
outcome evaluation, process evaluation
Start date:
End date:

Overall objective

As early as possible in the legal proceeding and in the biography of the young person FreD wants to offer a service to reflect their drug consumption behaviour carried out by drug auxiliary services which are experienced with the treatment of teenagers. This procedure requires comprehensive coordination between different national Ministries as well as between these and the subordinated authorities and agencies. Beside the valuation of their drug use pattern and the possibility to rate the personal risk, the project strives for the motivation of a behaviour alteration with the target of consumption reduction respectively the alteration of attitude toward drug use. Expected within the project is a great number of young participants, which aren't part of the normal clientele of a drug advice centre. Their mainly used substances are Cannabis and Ecstasy.


In the year 2000, the Federal Ministry for Health and Social Security (BMGS) launched the pilot programme "Early Intervention With First-Offence Drug Consumers - FreD" in cooperation with eight federal states ( Laender). The programme was developed on the basis of a pilot concept formulated by the Coordination Agency for Addiction of the Landschaftsverband Westphalia-Lippe (LWL), which has been tasked with supervising the nation-wide coordination of the programme. In consultation with the pilot programme's Advisory Council, the BMGS has commissioned FOGS - Society for Research and Advice in the Health and Social Sector mbH, based in Cologne, to evaluate the pilot programme. At 15 locations (across eight federal states) members of the target group received a treatment offer which comprised one individual interview ( in-take interview) and an 8- hour course. The pilot programme was aimed specifically at providing short term, targeted aid to 14- 21 year-old people, but also to young adults aged up to 25 years, who had become first-time offenders due to their consumption of illegal drugs. In the first instance this involved the police and the juvenile courts approaching those people, against whom criminal proceedings were likely to dropped, as provided for under Section 31a of the Federal Narcotics Act or in conjunction with Sections 45 & 47 of the Juvenile Courts Act. In the period under review, a total of 675 people in the target group initiated telephone contacts in response to the FreD treatment offer. An in-take interview with 569 persons (88.3%) was conducted. Subsequently, recommendations were made to 514 people to participate in the course and to a further 57 people to take up the offer of addiction-specific or psychosocial aid.

The PDF contains the full intervention description including additional contact information.


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Page last updated: Friday, 20 January 2012