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Situational Confidence Questionnaire (SCQ)

User Information



Author/Developer :

Helen M. Annis, Ph.D.
Addiction Research Foundation
Toronto, Ontario
M5S 2S1 Canada

Publication dates:


Description / Type of Assessment:

SCQ is a 39-item self-reported questionnaire.
For each of these 39 items, respondents consider the situation described and indicate how confident they are that they would be able to resist the urge to drink heavily in that situation. Anchored on a six-point scale, response options range from 0% (not at all confident) to 100% (very confident), with mid-range options including 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% confidence levels.

Primary use / Purpose:

The SCQ was developed to assess a client's perceived ability to cope effectively with alcohol in high risk drinking situations in everyday life.

Domains measured / Life Areas / Problems Assessed:

Items included on the SCQ were selected from the pool of 100 items included on the Inventory of Drinking Situations, which were chosen to cover the eight categories of high-risk relapse situations that Marlatt and Gordon (1980) identified as being common alcohol relapse situations:
Unpleasant Emotions
Physical Discomfort
Pleasant Emotions
Testing Personal Control
Urges and Temptations
Social Problems at Work
Social Tension
Positive Social Situations


Adults. The SCQ has been used with both males and females, but has not been specifically tested for use with special populations or subgroups (elderly, ethnical minorities and youth).

Administration / Completion Time:

Not reported.

Scoring Procedures:

Average confidence scores are calculated for each of the eight categories and overall SCQ scores are calculated by averaging confidence scores across all eight areas. In addition to the separate subscale scores, profiles can be constructed of the client's confidence in resisting drinking based on scores on the eight drinking categories. The computer version of the SCQ automatically scores a client's responses and generates a profile of the client's confidence ratings across the eight categories of drinking situations.

Scoring Time:

Not reported.


Not specified.

Source of Psychometrics:

Addiction Research Foundation.


English, French, Swedish, Spanish, Russian, Norwegian and Swahili

Availability / Inquiries:

Marketing Services.
Addiction Research Foundation.
33 Russell Street,
Toronto, Ontario.
M5S 2S1 Canada.


Not reported.

Practicability / usefulness:

The Situational Confidence Questionnaire assesses alcohol-related self-efficacy (that is, how confident a client is that he/she will be able to resist drinking heavily in the future). These profiles obtained may help the client and the therapist identify areas of strength and areas of vulnerability in resisting urges to drink.
There is evidence supporting the validity and reliability of the SCQ and its sensitivity to changes in self-efficacy following treatment. The SCQ can also be used to estimate the stability of drinking outcomes after treatment.


As a relevant study, the user can find a resume of a review concerning 14 studies on the SCQ.


Page last updated: Thursday, 15 July 2004