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Coping Behaviours Inventory (CBI)

User Information



Author/Developer :


Litman, G.K., Stapleton, J., Oppenheim, A.N., & Peleg, M. (1983). An instrument for measuring coping behaviours in hospitalized alcoholics: Implications for relapse prevention treatment. British Journal of Addiction, 78, 269-276.
Gloria K. Litman, Ph.D.
22 Stafford Terrace
West 87BH, England

Publication dates:


Description / Type of Assessment:

The CBI is a 36-item self-administered inventory.

Primary use / Purpose:

The Coping Behaviours Inventory (CBI) was designed to assess the behaviors and thoughts used by alcoholics to prevent, avoid or control the resumption of heavy drinking. The respondent indicates how often he/she uses each coping behavior to avoid relapse. Frequency of use is rated on a four-point scale from 0 (1 have usually tried this) to 3 (1 have never tried this).

Domains measured / Life Areas / Problems Assessed:

The inventory includes a list of 14 cognitive and 22 behavioral options.


Adult, youth and elderly alcoholic patients.

Administration / Completion Time:

Approximately 5 minutes.

Scoring Procedures:

The CBI can be scored by summing the responses to obtain a Total score, or by dividing this total score by the number of items to obtain an average score.

Scoring Time:

Not specified.


Not necessary.

Source of Psychometrics:

Gloria Litman (see address above).



Availability / Inquiries:

Gloria Litman (see address above).


The CBI can be used without charge.

Practicability / usefulness:

The CBI assesses the alcoholic's use of coping strategies in response to an urge to drink. Some studies indicate that it is a reliable and valid measure of the frequency of use of cognitive and behavioral coping responses. Use of the CBI in outcome studies has shown the measure to be a sensitive indicator of change following addictions treatment. The scale can be used with male and female alcoholics from different age groups (adolescents, adults and the elderly). No research is available on use of the CBI with different cultural groups.


As a relevant study, the user can find a resume of a review made in the Addiction Research Foundation, on 5 studies about the CBI.


Relevant Studies
Detailed Review of the Coping Behaviors Inventory
Addiction Research Foundation. Detailed Review of the Coping Behaviors Inventory (CBI). In: Addiction Research Foundation (1993). Directory of client outcome measures for addiction treatment programs. (Ontario. Addiction Research Foundation).

The 60-item and 36-item versions of the CBI appear to have very similar factor structures. Correlations between the two versions, administered five years apart, indicate that the CBI has a good temporal stability.

The content validity of the CBI is high because it was developed from intensive interviews with alcoholic patients who described the methods they used to avoid relapse.

Scores on the CBI are correlated with scores on related measures: self-efficacy, temptation to drink, levels of social stability and life satisfaction, levels of neuroticism, and physical and social complications.

Abstainers showed significantly higher CBI scores than relapsers. Also, frequency of use of coping strategies at intake was found to be predictive of the rate of abstinence over a 6-month follow-up period.

Studies using the CBI as an outcome measure have shown the test to be a sensitive indicator of change. Alcoholics show significant increases in CBI scores following addictions treatment.


Page last updated: Thursday, 23 March 2006