EMCDDA Home
  • EN
Search

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES)

User Information

Acronym:

SES

Author/Developer :

Morris Rosenberg, Ph.D. (deceased) Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and The Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

For questions about the norwegian version please contact Anthony Slater

Publication dates:

1965.

Description / Type of Assessment:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is a 10-item self-report measure of global self-esteem. It consists of 10 statements related to overall feelings of self-worth or self-acceptance. The items are answered on a four-point scale ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. The SES has also been administered as an interview.

Primary use / Purpose:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was originally developed to assess self-esteem among adolescents.

Domains measured / Life Areas / Problems Assessed:

Global and unidimensional Self-Esteem.

Population:

Adolescents and adults. Clinical and general populations.

Administration / Completion Time:

SES can be completed in less than 5 minutes.

Scoring Procedures:

Scoring: Sum the ratings assigned to all the items after reverse scoring the positively worded items. Scores range from 10 to 40, with higher scores indicating higher self-esteem.

Scoring Time:

One minute.

Credentials/Training:

Not necessary.

Source of Psychometrics:

See relevant study.

Languages:

English, French and Norwegian

Availability / Inquiries:

The SES is in the public domain.

Price:

The SES is in the public domain.

Practicability / usefulness:

Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale is a brief and unidimensional measure of global self-esteem. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale has demonstrated good reliability and validity across a large number of different sample groups. The SES has been validated for use with substance abusers and other clinical groups, and is regularly used in treatment outcome studies. The scale has been validated for use with both male and female adolescent, adult and elderly populations. It has been used with francophone populations but studies were not found on the use of the SES with other specific cultural groups.

Instrument

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

Contact us

EMCDDA
Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré
1249-289 Lisbon
Portugal
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00

More contact options >>

Page last updated: Wednesday, 25 January 2006