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Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale (SOWS)

SOWS: Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale.

 

 

 

Author/Developer / Address: Handelsman, L., Cochrane, K. J., Aronson, M. J., Ness, R., Rubinstein K.J., Kanof, P.D.

 

 

Publication dates: 1987

 

Description / Type of Assessment: Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale. Self-administered scale for grading opioid withdrawal symptoms. It contains 16 symptoms whose intensity the patient rates on a scale of 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely).

 

 

Primary use / Purpose: Screening/Evaluation. Measuring the signs and symptoms of opiate withdrawal.

 

Domains measured / Life Areas / Problems Assessed: Evaluation, Screening, Treatment

 

Population: Patients with dependence or addiction to opioids.

 

Administration / Completion Time: less than 10 minutes

 

Scoring Procedures: less than 10 minutes

 

Scoring Time: less than 10 minutes

 

Credentials/Training: it is a self-administered scale

 

Languages: English, Dutch

 

Availability / Inquiries: Handelsman, L., Cochrane, K. J., Aronson, M. J. Ness, R., Rubinstein K.J., Kanof, P.D. (1987) Two New Rating Scales for Opiate Withdrawal. American Journal of Alcohol Abuse, 13, 293-308.

 

Practicability / usefulness: This scale is demonstrated to be a valid and reliable indicator of the severity of the opiate withdrawal syndrome over a wide range of common signs and symptoms.

 

 

Instrument

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Page last updated: Monday, 03 August 2009