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Familiarity and Awareness of Drugs

User Information
While knowledge measures are not frequently used, largely because they are found not to predict behaviour, they might be of interest for some evaluations. Such measures might also be of value in planning and in formative evaluations.
Relevant Studies
Reducing the risk of drug involvement
Harrmon, M.A. (1993). Reducing the risk of drug involvement among early adolescents: An evaluation of drug abuse resistance education (DARE). Evaluation Review, 17, 221 - 239.

The study by Harmon (1993) examined the effectiveness of the DARE programme in South Carolina, by comparing 341 fifth grade students to a comparable control group. Significant differences were found for belief in pro-social norms, association with drug using peers, positive peer association, attitudes to substance use and assertiveness. No differences were found however, on tobacco and alcohol use, in the last year or during the last month. The You and Your School Questionnaire were used to measure DARE objectives, and other factors associated with drug use. The questionnaire consists of 10 scales including Belief in pro-social norms, Social Integration, Commitment to school, Rebellious behaviour, Peer drug modelling, Attitudes against substance use, Attachment to school, Self-esteem, Assertiveness and Positive peer modelling.


Page last updated: Thursday, 15 July 2004