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Protective Factors- Involvement with Parents

User Information
One of the most important protective influences with regard to problem behaviour (including substance use and dropping out from school) is involvement with parents. This scale attempts to measure the frequency of such involvement.
Relevant Studies
Strengthening family and youth resiliency
Johnson, K., Bryant, D., Strader, T., & Bucholz, G. (1996). Reducing alcohol and other drug use by strengthening community, family, and youth resiliency: An evaluation of the Creating Lasting Connections program. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 36-67.

This study examined the CLC programme which was aimed at delaying and reducing alcohol and drug use among high risk 14 year olds through the delivery of a programme in Church communities. The major components include community mobilisation, parent/guardian and youth training, early intervention, and follow-up case management services. Data collection before CLC initiation, after parent and youth training, reveals that CLC successfully engaged church communities in substance abuse activities, and produced positive and direct effects on family and youth resiliency. It was found to have moderating effects on onset and frequency of drug and alcohol use.

Interventions with middle school high risk youth
Richards-Colocino, N., McKenzie, P., & Newton, R.R. (1996). Project success: Comprehensive intervention services for middle school high-risk youth. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 130-163.

This study examined the effectiveness of Project Success, a comprehensive middle school programme for early intervention with drug use by high-risk youth in four domains, individual, school, family and community. Seventh-Eighth grade students with low self-esteem, more absences, and lower grades and their parents participated in a variety of interventions (counselling, periodic contact, tutoring and community service for 6-12 months. The programme had positive effects on risk levels, grades and levels of use of legal and illegal substances. The parents involved in the project showed differences from the norm in terms of family cohesion, and adaptability and students showed increased positive attitudes towards community service.


Page last updated: Tuesday, 20 July 2004