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Perception of Parental Conflict

User Information
Parental conflict has been found to be associated with many problems of substance. This scale is concerned with the perception of this conflict by children and adolescents. The items are devised along the lines of a Likert scale.
Relevant Studies
Family and drug use
Brook, J.S., Brook, D.W., Gordon, A.S., Whiteman, M., & Cohen, P. (1990). The psychosocial etiology of adolescent drug use: A family interactional approach. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs, 116, 111-267.

This paper put forward an explanation of drug use based on 'Family Interaction Theory'. According to this model, the lack of parental supervision and support contributes to weak family attachments, adolescent personality, involvement with substance using peers and actual substance sue. Thus, the model implies that some drug use can be prevented in the long run by teaching parents how to supervise and support their children. In line with this suggestion, their research shows that higher levels of support and encouragement from parent are less likely to become involved in substance use than are those who do no receive such encouragement.

Marital conflict and drug use
Grych, J.H., Seid, M., & Finchman, F.D. (1992). Assessing marital conflict from the child's perspective; The children Perception of Interpersonal Conflict Scale. Child Development, 63, 558-572.

This questionnaire is of importance in relation to a variety of consequences of parental conflict including drug use. The CPIC (Children Perception of Interpersonal Conflict Scale) was validated in two samples of 9-12 year old children. Three factor- analytically derived sub-scales demonstrated acceptable levels of consistency as well as test-retest reliability. The validity of the conflict scale was supported by significant relations with both parental reports and other indices of adjustment. Given that family conflict has been shown to be a risk-factor for drug use, the CPIC scale may be of considerable value in measurement of such conflict.

Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems
Hawkins, J.D., Catalano, R.F., & Miller, J.Y. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 64 - 105.

This paper examines the risk focused approach to prevention of substance use. The paper examines the main factors that have been identified as conducive to risk of drug use and considers ways in which these factors can be addressed through the application of studies both to high risk and general population studies.


Page last updated: Thursday, 15 July 2004