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Key EU activities on drugs – chronology

1988

Participation in the Conference on the Illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, Vienna

1988

Ratification of the UN Convention against illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

1988

Creation at the initiative of the European Parliament of a specific line in the European budget to combat drugs
1989 Letter on the drug phenomenon from President Mitterrand to EC Heads of Government and to the President of the Commission

1989

Creation of the European Committee to Combat Drugs (CELAD) composed of the national drug coordinators of the EEC Member States

1990

Adoption in December by the Rome European Council of the first European plan to combat drugs

1992

Signing of the Maastricht Treaty on European Union which refers for the first time in an EU Treaty to the fight against drugs in the framework of action in the field of public health

1992

European drug prevention week, November

1992

Revision of the first European plan to combat drugs approved by the Edinburgh European Council in December

1993

Entry into force of the Maastricht Treaty on European Union

1994

Creation of the Europol Drugs Unit, the forerunner to Europol, as a non-operational unit

1994

European Drug Prevention Week, October

1995

Conference on 'Policies towards drugs in Europe' jointly organised by the European Parliament, the Presidency of the EU Council of Ministers and the European Commission, March

1995

Adoption in June of a new EU Action Plan to combat drugs, 1995-1999

1996

Adoption in December of the Community action programme on the prevention of drug dependence, 1996-2000

1997

Agreement in June on the draft Treaty of Amsterdam strengthening the provisions on drugs included in the Maastricht Treaty

1998

Entry into force of the Europol Convention

1998

European drug prevention week, November
1999 Entry into force on 1 May of the Treaty of Amsterdam strengthening the provisions on drugs included in the Maastricht Treaty

1999

15-16 October. Tampere European Council

1999

Adoption by the European Council in December at Helsinki of the European Union drugs strategy (2000-2004)

2000

Endorsement of the EU action plan on drugs (2000–2004) at the Santa Maria da Feira European Council in June

2001

Adoption by the Commission of the Communicationto the Council and the European Parliament on the implementation of the EU action plan on drugs (2000-2004)

2001

Signature on 26 February of the Treaty of Nice

2002

Adoption by the Commission of the Communication to the Council and the European Parliament on the mid-term evaluation of the EU action plan on drugs (2000-2004)

2002

Adoption on September of a new Community action programme for public health

2003

Entry into force on 1 February of the Treaty of Nice

2003

18 July, draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

2004

18 June, Heads of States agreed on a European Constitution

2004

5November, adoption of the Hague Programme by the European Council

2004

22 November, adoption of the EU drugs strategy (2005-2012)

2005

14 February, endorsment by the Commission of a Communication on a EU drugs action plan (2005-2008)

2005

June,endorsment by the Councilof the Action Plan implementing the Hague programme

2005

June,endorsment by the Council of the EU Drugs Action Plan (2005-2008)

2006 26 June, Green paper on the role of Civil Society in Drugs Policy in Europe
2006 12 December, Recast of the Regulation creating the EMCDDA
2007 April, Report from the Commission on the implementation of the Council Recommendation of 18 June 2003 on the prevention and reduction of health-related harm associated with drug dependence
2007 25 September adoption by the European Parliament and the Council of the Specific programme Drug Prevention and information 2007-2013 as part of the General Programme Fundamental Rights and Justice
2008 Council adoptes a Decision defining BZP as a new psychoactive substance which is to be made subject to control measures and criminal provisions.
2008 September, Report of the final evaluation of the EU Drugs Action Plan (2005-2008)
2008 December, endorsement by the Council of the EU Drugs Action Plan (2009-2012)
2009 1st December, entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty
Green paper civil society
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EMCDDA Regulation (Recast)
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Implementation of the Council recommendation drug related harm
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Programme drug prevention and information
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EU Drugs Action Plan 2009-2012
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Report of the final evaluation of the EU Drugs Action Plan 2005-2008
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Impact Assessment for new EU Drugs ACtion Plan 2009-2012
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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Tuesday, 04 May 2010