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Case studies: photos and graphics

The photos and graphics below are used in the Case studies published alongside the EU drug markets report.

They are free for media use given that the photo credits and the graphic sources are stated correctly.

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Case study 1: cannabis


Caption: Domestic cannabis production. Indoor cannabis cultivation site, Spain.
Photo credit: Spanish Guardia Civil via Europol.
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Case study 2: methamphetamine

Seizures of methamphetamine in Europe, 2001–2011

Note: All 26 European countries reporting methamphetamine seizures are included, except the Netherlands and Poland where Number of seizures data are not available. The total amounts represent the sum of the quantities of methamphetamine seized under different forms; for calculation purposes, tablets were assumed to weigh 250 mg.
Source: EMCDDA/Reitox national focal points, EMCDDA (2012a)

Case study 3: new psychoactive substances

Number of new psychoactive substances notified to the European EWS, 2005–2012

Source: EMCDDA/EWS

Case study 4: dismantling smuggling networks


Caption: Police uncover smuggling network in Spain.
Photo credit: Europol.
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Case study 5: synthetic drug production


Caption: Discovery of illicit drug production facilities.
Photo credit: Europol.
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Caption: Seized amphetamine.
Photo credit: Europol.
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Case study 6: heroin precursor

Acetic anhydride: estimated annual world production, estimated requirements for heroin manufacture and seizures in 2010

Note: Between 1.08 and 4.32 kg of acetic anhydride is required to manufacture 1 kg of heroin (INCB, 2012a). Therefore, in 2010, between 417 and 1 711 tonnes (a mid-range point of 1 064 tonnes) of diverted acetic anhydride would have been needed to manufacture the 396 tonnes of heroin estimated to have been produced worldwide (UNODC, 2011a).
Sources: UNODC (2011a), INCB (2012a).

Case study 7: international judicial and law-enforcement cooperation


Caption: Cocaine seizure aboard a sailboat.
Photo credit: Europol.
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Case study 8: mobile production units


Caption: Sound insulation, air ventilation and a purification system are present inside this mobile tableting unit.
Photo credit: Europol.
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Caption: Mobile MDMA production unit with pressure reaction vessel and distillation (front, left); a mobile tableting unit (back, right).
Photo credit: Europol.
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Case study 2
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Case study 3
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Case study 6
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About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Thursday, 31 January 2013