Enhance the effectiveness of drug treatment and rehabilitation by improving the availability, accessibility and quality of services is addressed in the current EU Drugs action plan 2009–12, specifically in Objective 7. This objective calls on Member States to deliver existing and develop innovative rehabilitation and social reintegration programmes that have measurable outcomes.
The tasks of the EMCDDA comprise the monitoring of the state of the drugs problem and of the responses to drug-related problems, including social reintegration. The EMCDDA is furthermore charged with the development of tools and instruments to facilitate the Member States’ and the Commission’s monitoring and evaluation of their respective drugs policies.
Therefore the EMCDDA launched in 2009 a new structured questionnaire "Structured Questionnaire 28 - Social reintegration and reduction of social exclusion of drug users" which addresses the policies and interventions that Member States have established to protect drug users from further exclusion and to improve their social inclusion. It is aimed at collecting data through which a European synopsis of the policies relevant to the social inclusion of drug users can be drawn up, and an overview of availability, accessibility and diversification of interventions improving social inclusion and more particularly the employability of people in drug treatment. Results of the data collection can be found in our Insights No 13 'Social reintegration and employment: evidence and interventions for drug users in treatment'
In 2012, the EMCDDA has published its Insights No13 entitled Social reintegration and employment: evidence and interventions for drug users in treatment. The publication reviews recent discussions and developments concerning the social reintegration of problem drug users and examines the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions that aim to increase the employability through measures that address the housing, education, vocational and employment needs. The publication also presents the concepts behind social reintegration and an overview of national policies and available approaches in Europe.
A compilation of the chapters on social correlates and social reintegration extracted form the most recent National Reports (2012) sent to the EMCDDA by the 27 Member States, Croatia, Turkey and Norway has been produced by the EMCDDA. This compilation includes information, by country, on new developments and trends regarding interventions and programmes that address the housing, education and employment needs of socially excluded drug users.
A preliminary study on social reintegration was conducted by the EMCDDA in 2003, aimed at monitoring social reintegration facilities across the EU member states and Norway.
Evaluation Instruments Bank (EIB)
EIB is an online, internet-accessible database offering international standard instruments and tools for the evaluation of prevention and treatment (these instruments can often be applied to social reintegration). Furthermore, the EIB provides information about the instruments and the use of them plus links to studies and findings about them. The EIB has been created with the aim of promoting an evaluation culture and is regularly updated. It now contains around 210 electronic instruments that can be accessed by clicking here.