• EN

Background information

Country Status
Albania Potential Candidate
Bosnia-Herzegovina Potential Candidate
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Candidate
Kosovo* Potential Candidate
Montenegro Candidate
Serbia Candidate
Turkey Candidate

* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

What is an acceding country?

An Acceding Country means that negotiations between the EU and the “candidate” have been concluded. An Accession Treaty is being adopted and the ratification process is ongoing. At the end of the process, the country will become an EU Member State.

What is a candidate country?

Candidate Countries (CC) mean that the status of country is “ready to start negotiations for membership”. Once the status is awarded, negotiations can start, but the start is not automatic.

Currently, we count 5 CC:
• The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia- granted candidate country status for EU membership in 2005.
• Iceland- accession negotiations were opened in July 2010.
• Montenegro- granted candidate country status for EU membership in December 2010.
• Serbia- granted the candidate country status for EU membership on 1 march 2012.
• Turkey- recognised as an EU candidate country on an equal footing with other candidate countries since December 1999.

What is a potential candidate county?

Potential Candidates Countries (PCC) means that the country has been identified as one of who has the natural perspective of joining the EU, but does not yet meet some basic criteria (rule of law, market economy, peace,..) to be awarded the status of “candidate”.

At present, we count 3 PCC:
• Albania
• Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99


Page last updated: Tuesday, 15 September 2015