EMCDDA Document library

Human immunodeficiency virus among people who inject drugs: Is risk increasing in Europe?


Examines HIV outbreaks in Greece and Romania, and advocates stronger prevention efforts.

Main subject: 


This abstract is provided here as a convenience only. Check the publisher's website (if available) for the definitive version.

In most European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) countries, between 2010 and 2012, reports of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among people who inject drugs have been stable or declining. HIV outbreaks in Greece and Romania, first reported in 2011, continue and economic conditions hinder provision of effective response coverage. When measured against some established thresholds, prevention coverage remains inadequate in at least one-third of EU/EEA countries. Urgent consideration to scale up prevention efforts is merited.