Spain Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related emergencies

Information on drug-related emergencies in Spain originates from the National Plan on Drugs, which monitors hospital emergencies directly caused by non-medical use of psychoactive substances among 15- to 54-year-olds. In 2016, a total of 4 565 emergency episodes related to drug use were notified, the lowest level reported in the past 12 years. Cocaine was the substance most frequently reported as the cause of the emergency episodes, followed by cannabis. The proportion of heroin-related emergencies has decreased by a factor of 4 since 2000. Amphetamines and MDMA/ecstasy were less common causes of drug-related emergencies in Spain in 2016.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.