Slovenia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-induced deaths

Drug-induced deaths are deaths that can be directly attributed to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).

The available data indicate an upward trend in the number of drug-induced deaths in Slovenia since 2015. In 2017, the general mortality register reported the highest number of deaths since 2007. Toxicological testing results showed the involvement of heroin in 18 cases and the involvement of cocaine in 14 cases. For the first time, deaths related to tramadol were reported.

The majority of deaths were among males. The mean age at death was 39 years in males and 45 years in females.

The drug-induced mortality rate among adults (aged 15-64 years) was 32 deaths per million in 2017, which is slightly above the most recent European average of 22 deaths per million.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.