The National Drugs Strategy 2016-20, as a part of National Health Programme 2016-20, emphasises the need for (i) improved access to risk reduction programmes targeting occasional drug users, (ii) harm reduction programmes targeting drug-dependent clients unmotivated to change their behaviour and (iii) infectious disease treatment programmes. While drug treatment is funded by the national health system, needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) are co-financed by local governments and the National Bureau for Drug Prevention (KBPN). Financial resources made available under the National Health Strategy and the KBPN are allocated following annual competitions targeted mainly at non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Furthermore, local governments fund additional services, such as night shelters, hostels and day-care centres, that are provided within their territories.
Needle and syringe exchange programmes were launched in Poland as early as 1989, complementing service provision at selected outpatient clinics. Harm reduction programmes, including outreach and street-based services, have been conducted since 1996. Harm reduction interventions are mainly conducted by NGOs and primarily cover larger Polish cities.
In 2017, 10 NSPs operated in 10 Polish cities, reaching 1 762 clients. With around 60 000 syringes distributed in 2017, the number of syringes given out had halved since 2013, while the number of clients attending specialised programmes had increased slightly.
|Country||Needle and syringe programmes||Take-home naloxone programmes||Drug consumption rooms||Heroin-assisted treatment|