Cannabis is the most frequently seized drug in Malta, and it is the only illicit drug known to be produced in the country, mostly on a small scale. Cannabis resin from Morocco is imported via Tunisia and Libya. Heroin of Afghan origin is imported via Turkey, North Africa or Western European countries, and cocaine is smuggled to Malta mainly through Spain. Synthetic stimulant drugs such as MDMA/ecstasy and amphetamine are imported from other European countries, particularly Italy and the Netherlands. The availability of new psychoactive substances (NPS) is low, but it has grown in recent years.
The number of illicit drug seizures in Malta has increased in the last decade. In terms of quantities, in 2017, cannabis products, MDMA, heroin and, in particular, cocaine were seized in larger amounts than in previous years.
Data on the retail price and purity of the main illicit substances seized are shown in the ‘Key statistics’ section.