Malta Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-induced deaths

Drug-induced deaths are deaths that can be attributed directly to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).

In 2017, the Police Special Registry registered five drug-induced deaths. Toxicological analyses confirmed the presence of opioids in three of the five deaths, either alone or in combination with other illicit stimulants. In 2017, the mean age of the deceased was 34 years and all of them were male.

The estimated drug-induced mortality rate among adults (aged 15-64 years) was 16 deaths per million in 2017, which is slightly lower than the most recent European average of 22 deaths per million.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.