Lithuania’s approach to drug policy is set out in the Interinstitutional Action Plan for Prevention of Drugs, Tobacco and Alcohol 2017-19. The Action Plan is constructed around the pillars of drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction and includes the cross-cutting themes of coordination, international cooperation and monitoring. Three overarching objectives are defined in the Action Plan: to reduce the supply of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco, to reduce the demand for illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco and to enhance the operational response to all of these substances. A new National Programme for the Control and Prevention of Drugs, Tobacco and Alcohol 2018-28 was adopted in 2018.
Like other European countries, Lithuania evaluates its drug policy and strategy through on-going indicator monitoring and specific research projects. In 2018, a multi-criterion evaluation of Lithuania’s drug policy was completed. The evaluation used a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis to look at the law, health and social systems related to drug policy. This analysis was used in the development of the National Programme for the Control and Prevention of Drugs, Tobacco and Alcohol 2018-28.
The Commission for Prevention of Addictions is a permanent body of the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania. It is responsible for forming and overseeing the implementation of policy and of the National Programme on Drug Control and Prevention of Drug Addiction. The Drug, Tobacco and Alcohol Control Department is responsible for the strategic and operational coordination of both the National Programme and the Interinstitutional Action Plan. It is tasked with participating in the formulation of public policy on drugs, tobacco and alcohol control and its implementation; coordinating and monitoring the activities of national authorities involved in precursor chemical, tobacco and alcohol control; preparing national alcohol, tobacco and drug control and prevention programmes and coordinating their implementation; organising and coordinating the risk assessment of new psychoactive substances; licensing of the wholesale production of tobacco and alcohol and the licensing of the production of drug precursors; implementing monitoring of psychoactive substances; and functioning as the national focal point for the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. At a local level, close to two thirds of municipalities have a Municipality Drug Control Commission; in other municipalities, drug control functions are carried out by other commissions.