A new National Drug Control and Drug Addiction Prevention Programme for 2018-28 has defined as a priority the collection of reliable, comparable and objective information on the prevalence of psychoactive substance use and its consequences. The development of systems for data collection, improvement of data quality, research and pilot projects are all tasks outlined in the programme. To achieve evidence-based and reliable information for policymakers and the public, the drug programme targets the collection of information and supports research on the periodic evaluation of the effectiveness of funds used; the monitoring of drug treatment services as a system of general health provision; the monitoring of the implementation of preventive initiatives; developing periodic studies on the use of the internet by children and young people, and the scale of gambling and interactions with the use of psychoactive substances; assessing the effectiveness of custody institutions; and studying drug prevalence in custodial institutions and assessing the effectiveness of rehabilitation and re-socialisation programmes.
In Lithuania, research is mainly publicly funded and is carried out by universities and scientific institutions. In addition, the national focal point monitors the drug situation, organising studies and surveys on drugs to collect epidemiological data.
The results of research are disseminated through an annual national report on the drug situation, and institutions’ websites, and are published in national scientific journals. Typically, scientific publications are in Lithuanian, with abstracts available in English.