The information on drug-related emergencies in Lithuania originates from the Institute of Hygiene, which reports the number of contacts with healthcare institutions (inpatient and outpatient) attributable to poisoning by drugs or psychoactive substances. In 2017, almost 400 contacts were reported; the number decreased in 2016 and 2017. In 2017, the number of drug emergencies attributed to heroin also fell compared with 2016, heroin but remained the most frequent substance involved in drug emergencies, followed by cannabis and other unspecified drugs. The mean age of people seeking emergency care was 29 years and the majority were male.
Two emergency departments, in Kaunas and Vilnius hospitals, participate in the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN Plus) project, which was established in 2013 to monitor acute drug toxicity in sentinel centres across Europe.