Greece Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-induced deaths and mortality

Drug-induced deaths are deaths directly attributable to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).

Data on drug-related deaths in Greece are collected by the Narcotics Department of the Public Security Division of the Hellenic Police and reported to the focal point. Data are based on the results of forensic autopsies and toxicological analyses carried out by the University Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Laboratories and the Forensic Service of the Ministry of Justice. Only acute deaths by overdose or the synergic activity of different drugs are recorded under drug-related deaths. According to the Hellenic Police, 62 drug-related deaths were reported in Greece in 2017, half of which were confirmed by toxicological analyses. The majority of the confirmed deaths involved the use of opiates and were of males older than 30 years. Figures reported by the Hellenic Police are updated over the course of the following 3-4 years; figures presented here are likely to be underestimates.

In 2017, the drug-induced mortality rate for the whole population in Greece was six deaths per million, below the European average of 16 deaths per million. The European drug-induced mortality rate among the adult population (aged 15-64 years) was 22 deaths per million in 2017.



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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.