France Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related emergencies

More than 11 500 hospital emergency presentations related to drug use were reported in France in 2015 through the Oscour network, which covers around 9 out of 10 hospital emergency presentations. More than a quarter of presentations were related to cannabis use and one quarter to opioid use, whereas cocaine, other stimulants and hallucinogens were implicated in a smaller proportion of cases. More than a third of the cases were due to use of multiple or unspecified substances. Four out of every 10 clients who sought emergency care were admitted to hospital, while the remaining clients were discharged home. The mean age of clients was 34 years. The proportions of younger individuals (under 24 years) and older individuals (over 45 years) have increased in recent years.

The emergency department from Hospital Lariboisière in Paris participates in the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN Plus) project, which was established in 2013 to monitor acute drug toxicity in sentinel centres across Europe.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.