Drug-induced deaths are deaths directly attributed to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).
Data on drug-induced deaths in France are collected from the General Mortality Registry (INSERM CépiDc) and the forensic Special Mortality Register (DRAMES, ANSM). The latest available data from the INSERM CépiDc refer to 2015 and indicate a stable trend. Nevertheless, it is estimated that the numbers of deaths may have been underestimated as a result of misclassification.
Toxicological data available from the Special Mortality Register indicate that opioid substitution treatment medications were involved in more than 4 out of 10 deaths recorded in 2016. Heroin was involved in a quarter of the deaths and cocaine in one in five deaths. Fourteen deaths were directly attributed to new psychoactive substances (NPS). Additional data are available through the national health alert scheme related to psychoactive substance use. In 2017, a total of eight deaths, six of which were related to NPS use, were recorded under this scheme.
The estimated drug-induced mortality rate among adults (aged 15-64 years) was 7 deaths per million in 2015.