Estonia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related research

Drug-related research is organised, planned and financed through the National Health Plan 2009-20. National public funding of research is primarily managed by the Ministry of Education and Research. In addition, many research projects in the field of drugs and related topics are financed by external funds (mainly from the United States and the EU). In the field of drugs, the main research institutions are universities and institutes in charge of analysing social development, such as the National Institute for Health and Development (NIHD). Dissemination of research findings is mainly carried out through the national focal point, universities, scientific journals and the media.

Research priorities are set out in the Estonian National Health Plan and focus on general population surveys, studies among people who inject drugs (PWID) and schoolchildren. Surveys on the prevalence of infectious diseases and on risky behaviours among PWID, men who have sex with men, and sex workers have also been undertaken. In 2017, a study on PWID in Tallinn was undertaken, and in 2018 a general population survey was launched.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.