Drug-related research is organised, planned and financed through the National Health Plan 2009-20. National public funding of research is primarily managed by the Ministry of Education and Research. In addition, many research projects in the field of drugs and related topics are financed by external funds (mainly from the United States and the EU). In the field of drugs, the main research institutions are universities and institutes in charge of analysing social development, such as the National Institute for Health and Development (NIHD). Dissemination of research findings is mainly carried out through the national focal point, universities, scientific journals and the media.
Research priorities are set out in the Estonian National Health Plan and focus on general population surveys, studies among people who inject drugs (PWID) and schoolchildren. Surveys on the prevalence of infectious diseases and on risky behaviours among PWID, men who have sex with men, and sex workers have also been undertaken. In 2017, a study on PWID in Tallinn was undertaken, and in 2018 a general population survey was launched.