In Czechia, the National Drug Policy Strategy 2010-18 originally focused exclusively on illicit drugs, but it was subsequently revised in 2014 and 2016 to address alcohol and tobacco use and gambling. The strategy is comprehensive and is grounded on four pillars: (i) prevention; (ii) treatment and reintegration; (iii) harm reduction; and (iv) supply reduction. It is complemented by three supporting domains: (i) coordination and funding; (ii) monitoring, research and evaluation; and (iii) international cooperation. In the area of illicit drugs, the strategy defines four key objectives: (i) to reduce the level of experimental and occasional drug use; (ii) to reduce the level of problem and intensive drug use; (iii) to reduce the potential drug-related risks to individuals and society; and (iv) to reduce drug availability, particularly to young people. The implementation of the strategy is supported by a series of consecutive 3-year action plans for each area.
In 2016, an internal final evaluation of the action plan for 2013-15 was conducted. The evaluation indicated that slightly more than half of the proposed activities had been implemented, with mixed results with regard to meeting the action plan’s priorities, namely alcohol and cannabis consumption, problems relating to methamphetamine and opioid use, the streamlining of funding, and the integration of alcohol into the drugs policy. Three internal mid-term progress reviews of the separate action plans on illicit drugs, gambling and alcohol were also undertaken in 2017.
The Government Council for Drug Policy Coordination (GCDPC), presided over by the prime minister, is responsible at the political level for the overall implementation of the National Drug Policy Strategy. It is the main government coordination body on drug issues. Its scope was expanded following the revision of the National Drug Policy Strategy and it now addresses alcohol, tobacco and gambling issues, as well as illicit drugs. The GCDPC includes all ministries involved in the delivery of the national drug policy and representatives of other significant stakeholders, including non-governmental organisations and professional associations. The Secretariat of the GCDPC, located in the Office of the Government of Czechia, which also includes the Czech National Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Addiction, manages the day-to-day implementation of the strategy and the coordination of the ministries’ activities. A network of 14 regional drug coordinators based at the regional municipalities manages drug-related activities, including the implementation of the national drug policy, at the regional and local levels.