Czechia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related emergencies

Information on drug-related emergencies in Czechia originates from a special warning system at the Public Health Service and from the National Hospitalisation Register. In 2016, a total of 1 101 non-fatal emergencies were reported by the Public Health Service. Methamphetamine and benzodiazepines were the drugs most frequently reported as a cause of non-fatal intoxications, followed by cannabis; heroin-related intoxications have fallen significantly since 2005.

At the same time, the National Hospitalisation Register, which reports data on cases requiring at least 24 hours of residential care, shows a long-term decline in acute hospitalisations due to drug intoxications. Regional differences in data collection methods and possible flaws in the coding of substances mean that national estimates of drug-related emergencies must be treated with caution. For 2017, a total of 324 cases in which an illicit drug was involved were reported. Methamphetamine was involved in one in seven cases, whereas heroin and methadone were involved in 1 in 30 cases. ‘Other opioids’ were involved in almost one third of cases.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.