Information on drug-related emergencies in Czechia originates from a special warning system at the Public Health Service and from the National Hospitalisation Register. In 2016, a total of 1 101 non-fatal emergencies were reported by the Public Health Service. Methamphetamine and benzodiazepines were the drugs most frequently reported as a cause of non-fatal intoxications, followed by cannabis; heroin-related intoxications have fallen significantly since 2005.
At the same time, the National Hospitalisation Register, which reports data on cases requiring at least 24 hours of residential care, shows a long-term decline in acute hospitalisations due to drug intoxications. Regional differences in data collection methods and possible flaws in the coding of substances mean that national estimates of drug-related emergencies must be treated with caution. For 2017, a total of 324 cases in which an illicit drug was involved were reported. Methamphetamine was involved in one in seven cases, whereas heroin and methadone were involved in 1 in 30 cases. ‘Other opioids’ were involved in almost one third of cases.