Czechia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-induced deaths

Drug-induced deaths are deaths that can be attributed directly to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).

In Czechia, this information is collected from the special mortality and general mortality registers. In 2017, a total of 42 drug-induced deaths were reported. According to the toxicological results, opioids (including fentanyl, morphine and codeine), used alone or in combination with other psychoactive substances, were recorded as the principal drugs involved in two thirds of drug-induced deaths. The number of opioid-related deaths doubled between 2016 and 2017. Among opioid-related deaths, two thirds involved only opioids, whereas the remaining cases involved other drugs and medicines, primarily benzodiazepines. Stimulants, primarily methamphetamine, were linked to approximately one quarter of drug-induced deaths. The majority of the victims were males in their early thirties, whereas the mean age of female victims tends to be above 40 years.

The drug-induced mortality rate among adults aged 15-64 years was 5 deaths per million in 2017, which is below the latest available European average of 22 deaths per million.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.