Drug-induced deaths are deaths that can be attributed directly to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).
In Czechia, this information is collected from the special mortality and general mortality registers. In 2017, a total of 42 drug-induced deaths were reported. According to the toxicological results, opioids (including fentanyl, morphine and codeine), used alone or in combination with other psychoactive substances, were recorded as the principal drugs involved in two thirds of drug-induced deaths. The number of opioid-related deaths doubled between 2016 and 2017. Among opioid-related deaths, two thirds involved only opioids, whereas the remaining cases involved other drugs and medicines, primarily benzodiazepines. Stimulants, primarily methamphetamine, were linked to approximately one quarter of drug-induced deaths. The majority of the victims were males in their early thirties, whereas the mean age of female victims tends to be above 40 years.
The drug-induced mortality rate among adults aged 15-64 years was 5 deaths per million in 2017, which is below the latest available European average of 22 deaths per million.