In a 2015 survey, more than one third of prisoners in Slovenia reported having used drugs during their lifetime. Cannabis was the illicit drug most likely to have been used regularly, followed by cocaine and heroin. One in four inmates reported having ever used drugs in prison, with cannabis being the most commonly used, then heroin and cocaine. Around 2 % of prisoners had injected illicit substances while in prison.
In recent years, the prison administration has reported an increase in seizures of synthetic cannabinoids, in particular in the eastern parts of the country. To address the issue, awareness-raising workshops have been organised in cooperation with a non-governmental organisation.
Medical services in prisons in Slovenia are provided by healthcare services, such as the primary healthcare centres that operate in the areas where prisons are located, under the authority of the Ministry of Health. The service delivery is governed by agreements signed between prisons and healthcare centres. In general, drug treatment in prison follows the same general guidance as that which applies to drug treatment in the community, although internal guidelines are also applied. Drug treatment is primarily delivered by psychiatrists in healthcare clinics or medical practitioners in Centres for the Prevention and Treatment of Illicit Drug Addiction.
In terms of treatment options, opioid substitution treatment (OST), individual and group counselling, and psychosocial support programmes led by qualified professionals working in prisons are available. Prisoners with dependencies may enrol in low-threshold, medium-threshold and high-threshold programmes. In 2016, around two thirds of prisoners who were diagnosed with drug dependency received OST.
All inmates have access to free, voluntary and anonymous testing and treatment for hepatitis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. Before release from prison, prisoners are provided with information on overdose risk, and community treatment centres are contacted to ensure continuity of care.