In 2016, one out of five prisoners in Slovakia had drug use-related health problems. One out of ten prisoners screened positive for illicit substance use based on saliva and urine tests, with benzodiazepines being the most commonly detected substances, followed by opioids and cannabis.
The Ministry of Health is responsible for healthcare in prison. The quality of drug-related treatment in prison is determined by framework standards prepared by the Ministry of Health, and the provision of healthcare is supervised by the regional offices of the Public Health Authority, health insurance companies, the Social Insurance Agency and the inspection bodies of the Ministry of Justice.
Health screening is conducted at prison entry and includes an assessment of drug use and related problems.
Voluntary and mandatory drug treatment is available in Slovak prisons. Group psychotherapy is one of the main components of mandatory and voluntary drug treatment. Drug treatment also includes educational work and training. Mandatory drug treatment is preceded by a medical examination, which includes tests for blood-borne infectious diseases.