Supply from neighbouring countries plays an increasingly import role in the illicit drug market in Slovakia, although domestic production is also reported to occur. Herbal cannabis and methamphetamine remain the most frequently seized illicit drugs in the country. Reports indicate that both drugs are increasingly sourced from the Czech Republic. In addition, herbal cannabis is supplied by domestic growers, and a role of these groups in domestic methamphetamine production and distribution activities has also increasingly been identified. Domestic methamphetamine production is reported to take place primarily in small ‘kitchen-type’ laboratories, using ephedrine or over-the-counter medicines containing pseudoephedrine. Heroin originates from Afghanistan and is trafficked via the Balkan route.
In 2015, nine new psychoactive substances (NPS) were reported in Slovakia for the first time. NPS, mostly synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones, are imported from the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary, or arrive directly from countries in East Asia (mainly China).
Typically, illicit substances are transported into Slovakia by road (in passenger vehicles, by bus or train), although the use of courier services is increasing.
In 2016, herbal cannabis was involved in the majority of reported seizures, followed by methamphetamine. However, the quantities seized (notably of herbal cannabis) were the lowest on record.
With regard to the retail price and purity of methamphetamine in Slovakia, the available data indicate that the mean purity was 59.5 % and that the mean price was EUR 65/g in 2016.