No recent information is available on drug use among prisoners in Greece, but data are available on prisoners undergoing drug treatment and on treatment clients in the community who have been in prison. Approximately 2 out of 10 prisoners in drug treatment have been diagnosed with a psychiatric comorbidity. Among drug treatment clients in the community, based on the treatment demand indicator data, nearly 60 % had been in prison during their lifetime.
In 2016, there were seven treatment programmes operating in prisons, including opioid substitution treatment (OST). These programmes offer relapse prevention and testing and treatment for infectious diseases. In addition, seven programmes implemented psychosocial support interventions in 21 prisons, meeting needs in several areas of the country. These programmes offer a number of services, including information and counselling, harm reduction and death prevention.
Non-governmental organisations provide special programmes to HIV-positive prisoners.
Imprisoned drug users who opt for treatment undergo a three-week detoxification programme before being admitted for drug treatment in prison. Following the successful completion of the programme, they may be granted conditional release to attend a treatment programme outside the prison setting. The time spent in the treatment programme counts as time served.