Cannabis is the most frequently seized substance in Greece. It remains the only illicit drug that is produced in Greece and is grown on a small scale for the domestic market. Greece is a transit country for herbal cannabis that is cultivated in Albania; it passes by land to Greece’s ports and then to other EU countries. Data from 2016 seizures suggest that the cannabis resin seized in Greece originates primarily from the Netherlands and Albania.
Heroin originating from Afghanistan and Pakistan is smuggled into Greece through the southern leg of the Balkan route or via other EU Member States. Cocaine is smuggled into Greece, mainly by sea, directly from South America or through some intermediate ports in Spain, the Netherlands and Italy. The cocaine and heroin arriving in Greece are mainly intended for onward transit to other European countries.
According to the Central Anti-Drug Coordinating Unit, in 2016, the quantities of herbal cannabis, cocaine and MDMA/ecstasy products seized were larger than in 2015.
In 2016, nine synthetic cannabinoids were identified for the first time in Greece. The reported quantity of synthetic cannabinoids seized was lower than in previous years.